miedo al colegio

Fear of school is a common concern among school-aged children. It can manifest itself in a variety of ways, such as anxiety, crying, complaints of physical discomfort or even refusing to go to school. As parents and caregivers, it is critical to understand and address this fear effectively to ensure a healthy and happy school environment for our children. In this article, we will explore the causes of school fear and provide practical strategies for overcoming it.

Understanding the Causes of School Fear

Before addressing fear of school, it is essential to understand why it happens. Here are some of the most common causes:

Separation from Parents

Fear of being separated from parents is a leading cause of school fear in young children. For many children, school is the first significant experience of separation from loved ones.

Fear of the Unknown

School can be frightening simply because it is unfamiliar to the child. The school environment, teachers and peers are new, which can create anxiety.


Bullying is a serious cause of fear of school. Children may fear bullying by peers, which makes going to school a frightening experience.

Academic Pressure

At older ages, academic pressure can trigger fear of school. Children may fear not living up to academic expectations.

Social Problems

Difficulties making friends or adjusting to social dynamics can cause fear of school. Children may worry about feeling lonely or left out.

Strategies for Overcoming Fear of School

Fortunately, there are a number of strategies that parents and caregivers can use to help their children overcome fear of school. Here are some of the most effective ones:

1. Open Communication

Keeping open lines of communication with your child is critical. Encourage your child to talk about his or her concerns and fears about school. Listen carefully and validate their emotions.

2. Visit the School Before the First Day

Scheduling a visit to the school before the first day can help reduce anxiety. Familiarizing your child with the school environment and meeting the teachers can make them feel more comfortable.

3. Routines and Preparation

Establishing a routine that includes relaxing activities before school can be beneficial. Also, make sure your child is well prepared for the school day with all the necessary supplies.

4. Encourage Social Skills

Help your child develop strong social skills. Playing with other children, scheduling play activities and teaching them how to make friends can boost their confidence.

5. Talk about Bullying

If fear of school is related to bullying, address the problem proactively. Teach your child to communicate with you or teachers if he or she experiences bullying.

6. Reinforce Positivity

Promote a positive attitude toward school. Talk about the exciting and fun things they can experience at school.

7. Role Model

Children often learn by watching their parents. If you demonstrate confidence and a positive attitude toward school, your child is likely to follow your lead.

8. Professional Support

If the fear of school persists or worsens despite your efforts, consider seeking support from a school counselor or mental health professional. They can provide additional strategies and specialized guidance.

Parents' Role in Overcoming Fear of School

As parents and caregivers, we play a critical role in overcoming our children's fear of school. Here are some ways we can make a difference:

1. Be a Role Model

Children tend to imitate their parents' behavior. If you convey confidence and a positive attitude toward school, your child is more likely to do so as well.

2. Be Empathetic

Show empathy for your child's fears and concerns. Let them know that you understand their feelings and are there to support them.

3. Establish a Farewell Ritual

Creating a goodbye ritual can provide your child with a sense of security. It can be a special hug, a phrase of encouragement or anything else that makes your child feel loved and safe before going to school.

4. Collaborate with the School

Maintain open communication with teachers and school staff. Work collaboratively with them to address your child's problems and find solutions.

5. Be Patient

Overcoming fear of school can take time. Be patient and continue to support your child as he or she adjusts to the new school routine.


Fear of school is a common experience in many children's lives. However, with the right support from parents and caregivers, most children can overcome this fear and enjoy a positive school experience. Open communication, empathy and effective strategies can make all the difference in the journey to overcoming fear of school.

Remember that each child is unique, so it is important to tailor strategies to the child's needs.